Module 7: Yes, Back to Benner for Preceptor Development

Patricia Benner, PhD., R.N., FAAN, FRCN is a nursing theorist who introduced the "From Novice to Expert” model. Dr Benner’s model consists of 5 stages of nursing expertise: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient and expert.  Each stage of nursing expertise builds on the previous one, as a nurse gains experience and develops clinical skills over time, through experience, and by drawing on a sound education base.  In this module, the learner will review each of the stages and reflect on the learning needs and recommended teaching strategies to use, to support preceptées and preceptors in developing competency.  This model serves as a tool for clinical nurse educators and preceptors to use when guiding and supporting the nurse transitioning to practice and a new role.  By applying this model the clinical educator and preceptor can assist the preceptée in advancing to the next competency level. 

Release Date:
June 2022

Expiration Date:
June 2025

Target Audience

This activity is intended for Registered Nurses assuming the preceptor role, and Clinical Nurse Educators working in partnership with their preceptors.

In the context of this course, a clinical educator means a registered nurse who teaches in the clinical setting, including the preceptor, clinical faculty, clinical nurse specialist, nurse practice specialist, professional development specialist, and others.

Learning Objectives


Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  1. Describe Benner’s five stages of Novice to Expert model
  2. Examine representative examples of the knowledge, behaviors and skills demonstrated by nurses during the various stages of competency development.
  3. Practice selecting strategies to use when guiding a preceptée through the novice to expert progression.

Additional Information

Provided by: 

The Norman Knight Nursing Center     

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Course summary
Course opens: 
Course expires: 


Melody Narramore is the Nursing Director for the Birthing and Family Care Center at York Hospital. With a background in nursing leadership and professional practice as well as perinatal and community health nursing, Melody is integral in the continued process improvement, education and development of nursing at York Hospital.  Prior to relocating to New England, Melody spent over two decades developing her nursing career in the Southwest. She began as a labor and delivery nurse, and ultimately progressed into roles as a nurse educator in secondary education settings, healthcare institutions, as well as experiences in clinical coordination. 

While Melody’s passion is in health care learning and development, her career has come full circle with her latest role as Director of Birthing and Family Care. Melody continues to be active in the nursing professional practice arena, as a member of ANA, OMNE, AWHONN and Nursing Professional Development. Her certification is in Nursing Professional Development and she holds a Fundamentals of Magnet certificate.

Melody completed her undergraduate studies at Arizona State University receiving her BSN, and graduate-level education with Walden University, earning her MSN with an emphasis in education. Melody’s priorities as a leader in nursing are continuing to seek opportunities for improvement for the patient experience, to find new avenues for nurse advocacy, and to foster a culture of cross-functional collaboration within her team and organization.

Melody Narramore, MSN, RN, NPD-BC (Reviewed and Revised, 2018)
Gloria Neault, MSN, RN (Original Author, 2016)

Mass General Brigham designates this activity for 4.00 ANCC contact hours. Nurses should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


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